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July 23, 2019
Travel

A Complete Travel Guide to Agra

Wonderful Agra. It is also called the “city of the Taj Mahal”, but not quite the correct name, because there are so many other attractions. Among them are various architectural monuments that are definitely worth seeing, because there is nothing like this in the whole world. But when choosing this region for travel, be careful, because Agra hides many dangerous places for an unknowing person.

Places to Visit in Agra

  1. Agra Fort

In the city of Agra, just 2.5 km from the Taj Mahal, is the Red Fort, a fortress that was the residence of the rulers in the Mughal era. I must say that so far part of the complex is involved in military purposes, so visitors are not allowed there. But without it, there is something to see.

The fortress began to be built in 1565, due to the fact that the capital from Delhi was moved to Agra at the initiative of Akbar the Great. After six years, the fort was protected from all sides by a wall. At the beginning of the XVII century when Shah Jahan, the territory of the fort was expanded. Construction history is well traced by the materials used by different rulers. Under Akbar, preference was given to red sandstone with elements of marble, while Shah Jahan preferred white marble with patterns of gold and precious stones. Over time, the military mission of the fort was lost, and gradually it became just a palace. It is called a real “city in a city”, with its own mosque, striking in its grace and harmonious proportions. No wonder she was nicknamed Moti Masjid, which means “Pearl Mosque”.

After the transfer of the capital back to Delhi in 1648, the Red Fort lost its importance. And in 1666, Shah Jahan, who was languishing in imprisonment, died here. His son Aurangzeb, who seized power, kept his father under house arrest, and from the windows of Red Fort Jahan, for eight years, sadly contemplated his beautiful creation – the Taj Mahal. And in 1803 the British captured the fort. Trains are well-connected to Agra which are run by Indian Railways like Palace on Wheels, Super fast trains and normal trains etc.

  1. Tomb of Itmad-Ud-Daula

This monument of architecture, like the legendary Taj Mahal, was built during the Mughal times. With all his appearance, he resembles a smaller copy of the Taj Mahal, and even bears the name “Small Taj”.

Empress Noor Jehan built the tomb of Itmad-Ud-Daula for her father. Unlike the other buildings of the Mughal era, this mausoleum looks quite compact, so it is often called the “jewelry box”. The decorative elements of the garden are made of white marble and ornamental stone, and the interior of the mausoleum looks a lot like the interior of the Taj Mahal.

  1. Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal is one of the modern seven wonders of the world, one of the most beautiful buildings in the world, a masterpiece of Mughal architecture, combining elements of Persian, Indian and Islamic architectural styles. The construction was built by Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who died during 14 genera. In 1983, the Taj Mahal was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Construction began in 1632 and was completed in 1653.

The Taj Mahal is a five-dome structure 74 meters high on the platform, with 4 minarets in the corners, adjoining a garden with fountains and a pond, which reflects the image of the tomb.

The Taj Mahal complex is bounded on three sides by jagged red sandstone walls, and the side along the river remains open. Outside the walls of the central building there are several additional mausoleums where the rest of Jahan’s wives are buried, as well as the large tomb of the beloved servant Mumtaz.

Shortly after the completion of the Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan was overthrown by his own son Aurangzeb and arrested at Fort Delhi. After his death, he was buried in a mausoleum next to his beloved wife.

Every year, more than 3 million tourists enjoy the mysterious view of the mausoleum, and the Indian government takes urgent measures to close the harmful industries in Agra that threaten the environment and cause the mausoleum to settle.

  1. Tomb of Itmad-Ud-Daula

This monument of architecture, like the legendary Taj Mahal, was built during the Mughal times. With all his appearance, he resembles a smaller copy of the Taj Mahal, and even bears the name “Small Taj”.

Empress Noor Jehan built the tomb of Itmad-Ud-Daula for her father. Unlike the other buildings of the Mughal era, this mausoleum looks quite compact, so it is often called the “jewelry box”. The decorative elements of the garden are made of white marble and ornamental stone, and the interior of the mausoleum looks a lot like the interior of the Taj Mahal.

And what sights of Agra did you like? Next to the photo gallery there are icons by clicking on which you can rate this or that place. You can also take the 11 nights and 12 days Agra and Rajasthan trip.

Before planning your trip to Agra, must checkout the Palace on Wheels train cost for this season.

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